Research Activities

FRIEND/NILE Project Phase II

Flow Regime form International Expermental Network Data (FRIEND Nile) is a project funded by the Flemish Trust Fund (Belgium Government) through UNESCO. It aims to improve the River Nile basin water management through improved scientific cooperation among the Nile countries in the field of water resources management.
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In Phase II (2006-2011) of the FRIEND/Nile five research components have been established, namely:

The findings were several workshops held during Phase II and scientific papers were prepared to be presented in the closing workshop.

Nile Basin Capacity Building Network for River Engineering (NBCBN-RE), Phase II

NBCBN-RE was initiated in year the 2000 and continued for five years (2005), with the objective to create an environment where the professionals from the water sectors sharing the River Nile resources can exchange their ideas, practice and learn from each other to reach a common vision to develop the water resources of the basin efficiently. Within this framework phase II was taking place between 2006 and 2010.
The main themes of the project were:
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Local Action Project

Drinking Water Turbidity Problems in Khartoum State
This study is a joint research between UNESCO Chair in Water Resources and Khartoum State Water Corporation. It is working as a continues project of the Local Action during the bridge phase of NBCBN. The main objective of this study is to investigate options to mitigate turbidity problems of water supply by providing detailed studies (Feasibility study) for the most efficient and effective techniques that enhance the Khartoum State Water Corporation to overcome turbidity problems that threaten Drinking Water Treatment plants especially during the flood season.

Other specific objectives are:

Upstream Downstream (USGS) in the Nile Project (2007 -2010)

Improved water and land management in the Ethiopian highlands and its impact on downstream stakeholders dependent on the Blue Nile
The study made a significant contribution to designing action programs for improving livelihoods of poor communities upstream of the Blue Nile while minimizing downstream impacts within Ethiopia and Sudan. It generates knowledge on upstream-downstream interaction and enhances the effectiveness of interventions to increase agricultural water productivity while minimizing degradation.
The project is comprised of three components, namely:
The project was completed and the dissemination workshop was held in the period 22 – 25 November, 2009 in Addis Ababa.

Study of Sand Encroachment on the River Nile Northern Sudan, (2000)

Nile Banks Protection in Khartoum State

It was conducted for Khartoum Development Corporation, (2002).

Aweil City Water Supply – Pollution Mitigation, Bahr AlGhazal State

conducted for Bahr AlGhazal State, (2005).

Water Exploration in Darfur – Sudan

conducted jointly with Radar Technologies France for USAID, (2006).

Assessment of the Current State of the Nile Basin Reservoir Sedimentation Problems

conducted under the NBCBN-RE Program, phase I, (2001 – 2005).

Towards the improvement of the protection methods against bank erosion

conducted under the NBCBN-RE Program, phase I, ( 2001 – 2005)

Groundwater Assessment for West Omdurman Area, Khartoum State

conducted for Housing Development Fund – Ministry of Physical Planning and Public Utilities, (2005).

Nile Basin Reservoir Sedimentation Prediction and Mitigation

conducted under the NBCBN-RE Program, Phase II, (2006 – 2010).

Nile River Bank Erosion and Protection

conducted under the NBCBN-RE Program, Phase II, (2006 – 2010).

Groundwater Exploration – White Nile State

conducted for Ministry of Physical Planning and Public Utilities, White Nile State, (2007).

Assessment of Groundwater – Northern State

conducted for Ministry of Physical Planning and Public Utilities, Northern State, (2007).

Eastern Nile Forecast, Data Collection and Communication Systems

conducted for ENTRO, NBI, (2010 – 2011)

Eastern Nile Community Watershed Management Project

conducted for Eastern Nile Basin Countries, (2010 – 2014).